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Build Status

Proxmox 4 Terraform

Terraform provider plugin for proxmox

Working prototype

Go Install

go install github.com/Telmate/terraform-provider-proxmox/cmd/terraform-provider-proxmox
go install github.com/Telmate/terraform-provider-proxmox/cmd/terraform-provisioner-proxmox

Note: this plugin is both a provider and provisioner in one, which is why it needs two install commands.

Build local source

Requires https://github.com/Telmate/proxmox-api-go

make
make install

Recommended ISO builder https://github.com/Telmate/terraform-ubuntu-proxmox-iso

Credentials

# Credentials and URL optionally defined in the environment
export PM_API_URL="https://xxxx.com:8006/api2/json"
export PM_USER=user@pam
export PM_PASS=password

If a 2FA OTP code is required

# Optional 2FA OTP code
export PM_OTP=otpcode

Run

terraform init
terraform plan
terraform apply

Sample file

main.tf:

provider "proxmox" {
  pm_tls_insecure = true
  /*
    // Credentials here or environment
    pm_api_url = "https://proxmox-server01.example.com:8006/api2/json"
    pm_password = "secret"
    pm_user = "terraform-user@pve"
    //Optional
    pm_otp = "otpcode"
  */
}

/* Uses cloud-init options from Proxmox 5.2 */
resource "proxmox_vm_qemu" "cloudinit-test" {
  name = "tftest1.xyz.com"
  desc = "tf description"
  target_node = "proxmox1-xx"

  clone = "ci-ubuntu-template"

  # The destination resource pool for the new VM
  pool = "pool0"

  storage = "local"
  cores = 3
  sockets = 1
  memory = 2560
  disk_gb = 4
  nic = "virtio"
  bridge = "vmbr0"

  ssh_user = "root"
  ssh_private_key = <<EOF
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
private ssh key root
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
EOF

  os_type = "cloud-init"
  ipconfig0 = "ip=10.0.2.99/16,gw=10.0.2.2"

  sshkeys = <<EOF
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1kj...key1
ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1kj...key2
EOF

  provisioner "remote-exec" {
    inline = [
      "ip a"
    ]
  }
}

/* Uses custom eth1 user-net SSH portforward */
resource "proxmox_vm_qemu" "prepprovision-test" {
  name = "tftest1.xyz.com"
  desc = "tf description"
  target_node = "proxmox1-xx"

  clone = "terraform-ubuntu1404-template"

  # The destination resource pool for the new VM
  pool = "pool0"

  cores = 3
  sockets = 1
  # Same CPU as the Physical host, possible to add cpu flags
  # Ex: "host,flags=+md-clear;+pcid;+spec-ctrl;+ssbd;+pdpe1gb"
  cpu = "host"
  numa = false
  memory = 2560
  scsihw = "lsi"
  # Boot from hard disk (c), CD-ROM (d), network (n)
  boot = "cdn"
  # It's possible to add this type of material and use it directly
  # Possible values are: network,disk,cpu,memory,usb
  hotplug = "network,disk,usb"
  # Default boot disk
  bootdisk = "virtio0"
  # HA, you need to use a shared disk for this feature (ex: rbd)
  hastate = ""
  
  #Display
  vga {
    type = "std"
    #Between 4 and 512, ignored if type is defined to serial
    memory = 4
  }
  
  network {
    id = 0
    model = "virtio"
  }
  network {
    id = 1
    model = "virtio"
    bridge = "vmbr1"
  }
  disk {
    id = 0
    type = virtio
    storage = local-lvm
    storage_type = lvm
    size = 4G
    backup = true
  }
  # Serial interface of type socket is used by xterm.js
  # You will need to configure your guest system before being able to use it
  serial {
    id = 0
    type = "socket"
  }
  preprovision = true
  ssh_forward_ip = "10.0.0.1"
  ssh_user = "terraform"
  ssh_private_key = <<EOF
-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
private ssh key terraform
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
EOF

  os_type = "ubuntu"
  os_network_config = <<EOF
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
EOF

  connection {
    type = "ssh"
    user = "${self.ssh_user}"
    private_key = "${self.ssh_private_key}"
    host = "${self.ssh_host}"
    port = "${self.ssh_port}"
  }

  provisioner "remote-exec" {
    inline = [
      "ip a"
    ]
  }

  provisioner "proxmox" {
    action = "sshbackward"
  }
}

Provider usage

You can start from either an ISO or clone an existing VM.

Optimally, you could create a VM resource you will use a clone base with an ISO, and make the rest of the VM resources depend on that base "template" and clone it.

Interesting parameters: preprovision - to enable or disable internal pre-provisioning (e.g. if you already have another way to provision VMs). Conflicts with: ssh_forward_ip, ssh_user, ssh_private_key, os_type, os_network_config. os_type -

ssh_forward_ip - should be the IP or hostname of the target node or bridge IP. This is where proxmox will create a port forward to your VM with via a user_net. (for pre-cloud-init provisioning)

Cloud-Init

Cloud-init VMs must be cloned from a cloud-init ready template. See: https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/Cloud-Init_Support

  • ciuser - User name to change ssh keys and password for instead of the images configured default user.
  • cipassword - Password to assign the user.
  • searchdomain - Sets DNS search domains for a container.
  • nameserver - Sets DNS server IP address for a container.
  • sshkeys - public ssh keys, one per line
  • ipconfig0 - [gw=] [,gw6=] [,ip=<IPv4Format/CIDR>] [,ip6=<IPv6Format/CIDR>]
  • ipconfig1 - optional, same as ipconfig0 format

Preprovision (internal alternative to Cloud-Init)

There is a pre-provision phase which is used to set a hostname, intialize eth0, and resize the VM disk to available space. This is done over SSH with the ssh_forward_ip, ssh_user and ssh_private_key.

Disk resize is done if the file /etc/auto_resize_vda.sh exists. Source: https://github.com/Telmate/terraform-ubuntu-proxmox-iso/blob/master/auto_resize_vda.sh

Provisioner usage

Remove the temporary net1 adapter. Inside the VM this usually triggers the routes back to the provisioning machine on net0.

  provisioner "proxmox" {
    action = "sshbackward"
  }

Replace the temporary net1 adapter with a new persistent net1.

  provisioner "proxmox" {
    action = "reconnect"
    net1 = "virtio,bridge=vmbr0,tag=99"
  }

If net1 needs a config other than DHCP you should prior to this use provisioner "remote-exec" to modify the network config.